The state or process of affiliating or being affiliated: he had no particular affiliation; no close associates his political affiliations.
An enzyme that catalyses the oxidation of ethanol to acetaldehyde as the first step in its metabolism by the liver.
Chronic disease of the heart muscle.
- Find a way around (an obstacle).
- Overcome (a problem or difficulty), typically in a clever and surreptitious way: I found it quite easy to circumvent security.
- Archaic deceive; outwit: he’s circumvented her with some of his stories.
A chronic disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue. It is typically a result of alcoholism
- To compose; form: mortar constituted of lime and sand.
- To appoint to an office or function; make or create: He was constituted treasurer.
- To establish (laws, an institution, etc).
- To give legal form to (an assembly, court, etc).
- To create or be tantamount to: Imports constitute a challenge to local goods.
- Agreed in a contract: a contractual obligation.
- Having similar characteristics to a contract: the contractual nature of the shareholder’s rights.
Coronary heart disease is the term that describes what happens when your heart's blood supply is blocked or interrupted by a build-up of fatty
substances in the coronary arteries.
In an animal or plant, a thin-walled, hollow organ or cavity containing a liquid secretion; a sac, vesicle, or bladder.
- A substance produced by a living organism which acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction.
- Most enzymes are proteins with large complex molecules whose action depends on their particular molecular shape. Some enzymes control
reactions within cells and some, such as the enzymes involved in digestion, outside them.
- Involving trust, especially with regard to the relationship between a trustee and a beneficiary: the company has a fiduciary duty to
- Archaic held or given in trust: fiduciary estates.
- Finance (of a paper currency) depending for its value on securities (as opposed to gold) or the reputation of the issuer.
A hormone formed in the pancreas which promotes the breakdown of glycogen to glucose in the liver.
Relating to the liver: right and left hepatic ducts.
Homocysteine is an amino acid which occurs in the body as an intermediate in the metabolism of methionine and cysteine.
Cannot easily be read or understood.
A hormone produced in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans, which regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. The lack of insulin
causes a form of diabetes.
Intellectual property (IP) is a term referring to a number of distinct types of creations of the mind for which a set of exclusive rights are
recognised. Under intellectual property law, owners are granted certain exclusive rights to a variety of intangible assets, such as musical, literary,
and artistic works; discoveries and inventions; and words, phrases, symbols, and designs. Common types of intellectual property rights include
copyrights, trademarks, patents, industrial design rights and in some cases trade secrets.
A widespread condition involving recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhoea or constipation, often associated with stress, depression, anxiety, or previous intestinal infection.
1. Law a published false statement that is damaging to a person’s reputation; a written defamation.
- The action or crime of publishing a false statement about a person.
- A false and malicious statement about a person.
- A thing or circumstance that brings undeserved discredit on a person by misrepresentation.
Containing or constituting a libel: a libellous newspaper story.
one millionth of a gram.
one thousandth of a gram.
one thousandth of a litre (0.002 pint).
The nervous system is the system of cells, tissues, and organs that regulate the body's responses to internal and external stimuli. In vertebrates
(animals with a backbone/ spinal column) it consists of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, ganglia, and parts of the receptor and effector organs.
Failure to reveal or disclose information, or an instance of this: security requirements are used to justify the nondisclosure of basic information
- Someone or something that has been left out or excluded: there are glaring omissions in the report.
- The action of excluding or leaving out someone or something: the omission of recent publications from his bibliography.
- A failure to do something, especially something that one has a moral or legal obligation to do: to pay compensation for a wrongful act or
The placenta is a temporary organ found in most female mammals while they are pregnant.
The mother's and baby's blood never mixes. That is why the placenta is necessary. It acts as an exchange surface between the mother and
baby, and nutrients and oxygen are passed over by diffusion only. If the mother and baby blood mixes, it could be deadly for both the mother
and the baby. If the mother is blood type A for example and the blood type of the baby is B, then different type blood will mix and the mother
and baby would both die.
The placenta is connected to the foetus by the umbilical cord which is made of blood vessels and connective tissue. When the foetus is
delivered, the placenta is delivered afterwards, and is often called the afterbirth.
Compounds commonly found in red wine; can also be found in dark chocolate, apple and cranberries.
- Of or relating to an owner or ownership: the company has a proprietary right to the property.
- (Of a product) marketed under and protected by a registered trade name: proprietary brands of insecticide.
- Behaving as if one were the owner of someone or something: he looked about him with a proprietary air.
A condition or requirement in a legal document: a key provision in civil rights law an appraisal under the provisions of the National Housing Act.
Rapid eye movement (REM) is the stage of sleep characterized by rapid saccadic movements of the eyes. During this stage, the activity of the
brain's neurons is quite similar to that during waking hours.
Most of the vividly recalled dreams occur during REM sleep.
It is the lightest form of sleep, and people awakened during REM usually feel alert and refreshed.
1. [With object] ask for or try to obtain (something) from someone: he called a meeting to solicit their views [no object] :don’t solicit for money.
- ask (someone) for something: historians and critics are solicited for opinions by the auction houses.
2. [No object] accost someone and offer one’s or someone else’s services as a prostitute: (as noun soliciting) although prostitution was not
itself an offence, soliciting was.
Not asked for; given or done voluntarily: unsolicited junk mail.